High and Low Impact Physical Activity Positively Influences Female Bone Density

Main Article Content

Tobin Silver
Anya Ellerbroek
Sarah Knafo
Corey A. Peacock
Jaime Tartar
Jose Antonio


DXA, Impact, Bone


Introduction: The aim of the current study was to analyze the effects of high and low impact physical activity on female bone health. Exploring lower cost preventative measures to improve bone density may reduce the physical and financial repercussions associated with health risks such as osteoporosis.

Methods: Fifty-four female athletes had total bone mineral density tested using a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) machine. Athletes were defined as either high intensity (HI) or low intensity (LI) based on training mode.

Results: There was not a significant difference between groups in bone mineral density for HI females (M=1.25, SD=0.10) and LI females (M=1.22, SD=0.11); t(51) = -1.057, p=.295. Conclusion: Females that regularly take part in either high or low intensity activities may benefit from having improved bone mineral density.

Abstract 303 | PDF Downloads 194


1. Looker, A., Borrud, L., Dawson-Hughes, B., Shepherd, JA., Wright, NC. Osteoporosis or low bone mass at the femur neck or lumbar spine in older adults: United States, 2005–2008. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NCHS Data Brief No. 93, 2012.

2. Wolford, ML., Palso, K., Bercovitz, A. Hospitalization for total hip replacement among inpatients aged 45 and Over: United States, 2000–2010. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NCHS Data Brief No. 186, 2015.

3. Blume, SW., Curtis, JR. Medical costs of osteoporosis in the elderly medicare population. Osteoporosis Int. 22(6): 1835-1844, 2011.

4. Lang, TF. The bone-muscle relationship in men and women. Journal ofOsteoporosis, 2011.

5. Frost, HM. Wolff’s law and bone’s structural adaptations to mechanical usage: An overview for clinicians. The Angle Orthodontist, 64(3): 175-188, 1994.

6. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Total body bone area, bone mineral content, and bone mineral density for individuals aged 8 years and over: United States, 1999–2006. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 11, Number 253, 2013.

7. Bischoff. -Ferrari, HA. Three steps to unbreakable bones. International Osteoporosis Foundation, www.iofbonehealth.org. 2011

8. Grove, KA., Londeree, BR. Bone density in postmenopausal women: High impact vs low impact exercise. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 1190-1194, 1992.

9. Saravi, FD., Sayegh, F. Bone mineral density and body composition of adult premenopausal women with three levels of physical activity. Journal of Osteoporosis, 2013.

10. Drake, AJ., Armstrong, DW., Shakir, KMM. Bone mineral density and total body bone mineral content in 18- to 22-year-old women. Bone, 34: 1137-1143, 2004.

11. Turnagol, HH. Body composition and bone mineral density of collegiate american football players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 51: 103-112, 2016.

12. Blair, SN., Jacobs, DR. Powell, KE. Relationships between exercise and physical activity and other health behaviors. Public Health Reports, 100(2): 172-180.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

<< < 1 2