High and Low Impact Physical Activity Positively Influences Female Bone Density

Main Article Content

Tobin Silver
Anya Ellerbroek
Sarah Knafo
Corey A. Peacock
Jaime Tartar
Jose Antonio

Keywords

DXA, Impact, Bone

Abstract




Introduction: The aim of the current study was to analyze the effects of high and low impact physical activity on female bone health. Exploring lower cost preventative measures to improve bone density may reduce the physical and financial repercussions associated with health risks such as osteoporosis.



Methods: Fifty-four female athletes had total bone mineral density tested using a dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) machine. Athletes were defined as either high intensity (HI) or low intensity (LI) based on training mode.



Results: There was not a significant difference between groups in bone mineral density for HI females (M=1.25, SD=0.10) and LI females (M=1.22, SD=0.11); t(51) = -1.057, p=.295. Conclusion: Females that regularly take part in either high or low intensity activities may benefit from having improved bone mineral density.




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